Panofsky, Erwin

   art historian; helped establish Hamburg as a research center in art history. Born in Hamburg, he began studies in law, but switched under the influence of Freiburg's Wilhelm Voge to art history. He wrote his doctoral thesis in 1914 on Durer's theory of art and completed his Habilitation in 1920 at Hamburg. In 1921 he was entrusted with Hamburg's seminar in art history. Befriended by Fritz Saxl, Aby Warburg's* librarian, he collaborated in shaping the Warburg Library's solid art history collection. He also worked with, and was influenced by, Ernst Cassirer,* a member of Ham-burg's philosophy faculty. He became full professor in 1926.
   Panofsky was a cultural historian. His research embraced antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance; his teaching (often done at the Warburg Library) covered artistic methods, perspectives, and proportions. His interest was more in the contextual framework of a piece of art than in its aesthetic properties and more in demonstrating the organic unity of a historical period than in art per se. His writing, esteemed for its elegance and lucidity, received broader recog-nition outside Germany than at home.
   Of Jewish ancestry, Panofsky resigned in 1933 and emigrated to the United States. By 1935 he held a professorship at Princeton's Institute for Advanced Study. When World War II ended, several German universities awarded him honorary doctorates, and Hamburg unavailingly invited his return.
   REFERENCES:Ferretti, Cassirer, Panofsky, and Warburg; Gombrich, "Obituary"; Holly, Panofsky; Podro, Critical Historians of Art; Suddeutsche Zeitung.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • PANOFSKY, ERWIN — (1892–1968), U.S. art historian. Born in Hanover, Germany, he studied at universities in Berlin, Munich, and Breslau, receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Freiburg in 1914. He taught at the University of Hamburg from 1926 to 1933. After the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Panofsky, Erwin — born March 30, 1892, Hannover, Ger. died March 14, 1968, Princeton, N.J., U.S. German born U.S. art historian. A professor at the University of Hamburg (1926–33), he fled Nazi Germany for the U.S. and in 1935 began teaching at Princeton s… …   Universalium

  • Panofsky, Erwin — (1892 1968)    American art historian, of German origin. Born in Hanover, he studied at the University of Freiburg and became professor at Hamburg. After the Nazi rise to power, he went to the US and became a professor at New York University, and …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Panofsky, Erwin — (30 mar. 1892, Hannover, Alemania–14 mar. 1968, Princeton, N.J., EE.UU.). Historiador del arte estadounidense de origen alemán. Cuando era profesor de la Universidad de Hamburgo (1926–33), huyó de la Alemania nazi hacia EE.UU. y en 1935 comenzó a …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Erwin Panofsky — (also spelled Irwin Panofsky) (30 March 1892 14 March 1968) was a German Jewish art historian who emigrated to America and remains highly influential in the modern academic study of iconography. Many of his works remain in print, including… …   Wikipedia

  • Panofsky — Erwin Panofsky Erwin Panofsky (le 30 mars 1892 à Hanovre, Allemagne le 14 mars 1968 à Princeton) est un historien de l art et un essayiste allemand d origine juive émigré aux États Unis. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Ses apports …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erwin Panofsky — Erwin Panofsky, né le 30 mars 1892, à Hanovre en Allemagne et mort le 14 mars 1968, à Princeton aux États Unis, est un historien de l art et un essayiste allemand d origine juive émigré aux États Unis. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PANOFSKY (E.) — PANOFSKY ERWIN (1892 1968) Loin de considérer l’histoire de l’art comme le simple récit événementiel de la succession des œuvres et des artistes à travers la juxtaposition des catalogues et des biographies, Erwin Panofsky a voulu le dernier peut… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Erwin — /err win/, n. a male given name: from Old English words meaning boar and friend. * * * (as used in expressions) McClung Clarence Erwin Panofsky Erwin Rommel Erwin Johannes Eugen Schrödinger Erwin * * * …   Universalium

  • Erwin — (as used in expressions) McClung, Clarence E(rwin) Panofsky, Erwin Rommel, Erwin (Johannes Eugen) Schrödinger, Erwin …   Enciclopedia Universal

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